This publication is designed to be a resource and reference guide for local officials to improve roadway infrastructure safety on local roads. The focus of this publication is on local roads (i.e. county and smaller rural community roads), but the approaches and solutions presented are often transferable to urban areas. According to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, local roads (i.e. county and small rural community roads) comprise approximately 6,099,428 miles of the U.S. highway network as of 2009.